Mukhisa Kituyi, secretary-general
of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD),
announced on Monday that one billion people have been lifted out of
extreme poverty in 20 years around the world.
In his report for the 14th UNCTAD
scheduled for March 2016 in Peru, Kituyi noted that the proportion
of people living in destitution has been halved, hundreds of
millions have joined the middle class, and a number of developing
countries have become major engines of growth both for their region
and the global economy.
"The last 25 years have set the
stage for the final push in the eradication of extreme poverty
within a generation," Kituyi said. "They taught us that we can
expand the boundaries of what we think is possible."
Despite "the tremendous progress
achieved," Kituyi said, "poverty and inequality, both between and
within nations, remain a pervasive challenge".
He underlined that the new global
consensus on the UN Sustainable Development Goals "raises the bar
and demands unprecedented actions and efforts".
Achieving the Sustainable
Development Goals will require resource mobilization on an
unparalleled scale, he stressed.
"Developing countries alone will
need to invest 3.3 to 4.5 trillion dollars per year in basic
infrastructure, food security, climate change mitigation and
adaptation, health and education," leaving "a gap of 2.5 trillion
dollars annually in real terms", he added.
Called "From Decisions to Actions",
the report builds on lessons learned from impressive developmental
advances in past decades and proposes detailed courses of action
that tackle aspirations as yet unmet in order to deliver
sustainable prosperity for all within the 15-year lifespan of the
new Sustainable Development Goals. Endit