China will offer free job training to 40 million migrant workers
from rural areas in the next five years, according to the Ministry
of Labor and Social Security (MLSS).
The education of rural residents is fundamental to the rural
economy and should be incorporated into the country's overall
vocational training program, according to MLSS.
As the 11th Five-year Program for China's economic and social
Development (2006-2010) states, MLSS will also train 1.9 million
technicians and 7 million technical workers, provide vocational
training to 20 million laid-off workers and to carry out vocational
qualification assessment covering 50 million people.
Besides free training, MLSS also offer subsidies and vocational
instructions to migrant workers.
A recent survey financed by National Social Science Fund shows
that in China's middle income stratum, migrant workers have become
the principal part of the middle class in rural areas.
Migrant workers are more wealthy and active compared with the
farmers who remain working on farmland, the survey said, so
educating them would promote not only employment but also
China has rural laborers totaling 480 million, of which 420
million only received primary education or below.
(Xinhua News Agency December 12, 2005)