The Chinese authorities have called for efforts to
boost cultural development in rural areas, stressing it concerns
the national endeavor to build a moderately prosperous society in
an all-round way.
A document jointly issued by the general offices of
the Communist Party of China (
CPC) Central Committee and the State Council, which was made
public Sunday says boosting cultural development in the countryside
is a major part of the national effort to create a harmonious
society in the country.
It is "an effective way" to build a socialist new
countryside and meet the needs of rural residents for spiritual and
cultural products, and is of great importance to enhancing the
Party's governance capabilities, promoting economic growth and
social progress in rural areas, the document says.
The main problems hindering cultural development in
the countryside lie in backward infrastructure facilities for
cultural activities, insufficient cultural products and imparities
in cultural development between urban and rural areas, it
As for the targets, it says that after five years of
efforts, cultural infrastructure facilities will become
comparatively complete and public cultural services will be
enhanced, with the rural cultural work system straightened out and
existing cultural resources effectively used.
The problem that farmers find it difficult to have
books to read, stage shows, films and TV programs to watch and
radio programs to listen to will be basically solved, the document
By the year 2010, all the villages with more than 20
household which now have electricity supply will have access to TV
and radio broadcast. For this purpose, the central finance will
give financial support to poverty-stricken areas in central and
western China, especially Xinjiang, Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia,
Qinghai, Gansu, Yunnan and Sichuan.
The government will basically reach the goal that film
is shown in every village of the country once a month by the year
2010, when cultural center and library is available in every
county, comprehensive cultural center in every town and cultural
establishment in every village.
The government will support some publishing houses to
publish more popular readings that farmers can afford and
understand, while purchasing through pubic bidding books for rural
cultural centers in major counties.
Leading media in the country, such the People's Daily, China
National Radio and China Central Television, are required to
improve services for farmers.
The government also promises to support the cultural
activities of rural residents, to intensify efforts to sift local
cultural resources and protect the fine ones, including traditional
folk paper cuttings, paintings, porcelain, clay figures, weaving,
dramas, acrobatics, lanterns, dragon boats and lion and dragon
The document also calls for innovations in systems and
mechanisms for cultural development in rural areas, including
reform of state-owned cultural institutions and encouragement of
farmers to run cultural entities to serve rural
While strengthening policy regulation on the rural
cultural market, the government will strike hard on illegal
activities related to pornography and superstition in rural
The document calls on the whole society to support
cultural development in rural areas by organizing performing tours,
donating TV sets, radios, computers and books, magazines and
audiovisual products that rural residents need, encouraging college
graduates to go to the countryside to serve farmers.
While strengthening the leadership to promote the
work, governments at all levels should increase financial input,
ensure fund supply for key cultural facilities and increase the
number of cultural workers in rural areas, says the document, which
also calls on government departments concerned to shoulder their
responsibility for the work.
(Xinhua News Agency December 12, 2005)