Work units in Zhejiang Province, east China, are being forced to
employ quotas of disabled people under a new regulation which came
into effect Tuesday.
Under the regulation, the first of its kind in Zhejiang, all work
units in the province should employ a certain ratio of disabled
workers and the employment information should be publicized through
a credit system.
"It is the first time in China a credit supervision system is
carried out for employing disabled people," said Zheng Zhigeng,
director of the legislative affairs office of the Zhejiang
The government promises in the regulation to support employment of
skilled disabled people of working age.
Under the new regulation, institutions and enterprises belonging to
Zhejiang Province, and offices of the central government and other
provinces in Zhejiang are all required to employ disabled people at
the ratio of 1.5 percent to their total employees.
Zhejiang Province has about 2 million disabled, 700,000 of whom are
registered and have labor skills. The employment ratio of the
disabled in Zhejiang has surpassed 80 percent since the province
started to require quotas in 1995. However, no related regulation
had ever been issued to enforce the employment, and 145,000
disabled in Zhejiang are still jobless, while 105,000 rural
disabled live below the poverty line.
lack of legal support makes it difficult for the disabled to get
jobs in the private sector which is the main channel of employment
in the province.
protect the rights of disabled employees, the regulation requires
the work unit to sign labor contracts with its disabled employees
and to buy social insurance for them. The regulation also demands
pay for the disabled equal to that of other employees.
a work unit fails to employ disabled people at the required ratio,
it will have to pay a sum of money to guarantee the livelihoods of
disabled people. The local People's Courts have the right to force
the money collection.
(People’s Daily July 3, 2003)