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II. Population and ethnicity
Total population: 24.14 million (2008)
Population growth rate: 4.27‰ (2008)
Forty-nine ethnic groups live in Inner Mongolia including the Mongolian, Han, Manchu, Hui, Daur, Ewenki, Oroqen, and Korean. The region is inhabited by 3.97 million Mongolians, 18.75 million Hans, and 900,010 of other groups. The rural population hits 13.78 million, with 11.87 million in villages and 1.91 million in pastoral area.
Inner Mongolia has 500,000 technicians, 140,000 of whom have received senior and middle-level technical certificates. It has 324 scientific and technological research centers. By 2000, 71 counties in the region had implemented the nine-year compulsory educational campaign and basically eliminated illiteracy among young and middle-aged people. As many as 99.44 percent of children of school age enjoy school education, 96.6 percent of children of secondary-school age enter junior middle school and 60 percent of them graduate. Inner Mongolia has 72,000 university students. The percentage of literate middle-aged and young people has reached 96.8 percent.
In 2000 the region had 10,147 primary schools in 6,299 places, 1,707 middle schools including 1,330 junior secondary schools and 377 senior secondary schools, 425 polytechnic middle schools including 269 junior polytechnic secondary schools and 156 senior polytechnic secondary schools, 18 universities and colleges, and 12 adult-education schools.