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II. Population

Total population: 2.87 million (2008)

Population growth rate: 1.03 percent (2008)

Life expectancy (average): 65


At the end of 1994, the population of Tibet totaled 2.32 million and it grew to 2.52 million in 1998, of which, 2.236 million are Tibetan (96.4 percent), 66,000 Hans (2.8 percent) and 18,000 (0.8 percent) of other ethnic groups. In addition to Tibetans, other ethnic groups include the Lhoba, Moinha, Han, and Hui。

The Moinba people have lived on the Tibet Plateau since ancient times. Most of them are distributed in Moinyu in the south and some are scattered in Medog, Nyingchi and Cona counties.

The Lhoba people are mainly found in Lhoyu of southeastern Tibet, with some scattered in Mainling, Medog, Zayu, Lhunze and Nang counties.

Most of the Hui people living in Tibet today are descendants of the Hui who moved over from Gansu, Shaanxi, Qinghai, Sichuan and Yunnan provinces during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), a minority came from Central Asia. Most of them live in cities and towns of Lhasa, Xigaze and Qamdo. They work in commerce, handicrafts or animal slaughtering.

Since the Qing Dynasty, many Han people have moved to Tibet. Some have been assimilated into the Tibetan ethnicity. Today, most Han people living in Tibet are technicians, workers, teachers, medical workers and officials from other provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions.


At the end of 1998, 2,907 people in Tibetan were graduates with an educational level of college or above, 25,743, senior middle school, 158,400, junior middle school, 947,500, primary school In addition, there were 1.11 million illiterate or semi-illiterate people.

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