China closed down a total of 3,176
polluting enterprises amid a campaign in which 720,000 companies
have been checked for their pollution discharges last year,
according to the country's top environment watchdog.
In the campaign, the State Environmental Protection Administration
(SEPA) and other departments investigated 28,000 cases violating
related environmental laws and regulations and settled 13,000 of
Threats to the sources of drinking water, industrial parks densely
distributed with polluting enterprises and construction projects
likely to damage the environment were the major targets in the
campaign, according to the administration.
"Pollution by industrial parks has been curbed effectively," said
an official with the administration.
A total of 1,981 industrial parks across the country, involving
29,890 enterprises, were subject to investigation, and 4,162
polluting companies got severe punishment, the official said.
Other six ministerial departments, including the Ministry of
Supervision, participated in the campaign.
China failed to meet its energy conservation and pollution control
targets last year, and environmental degradation remains a
prominent problem stifling China's economic and social
China reported 161 pollution accidents last year. The
administration suspended 163 projects that would damage the
environment with a total investment of 770 billion yuan (US$96
Many of the projects were highly-polluting and energy-costly, such
as constructions of steel and power plants.
This year China has made greater efforts to fight against
pollution. In March, SEPA published a long list of more than 6,000
industrial polluters, including well-known companies and factories
such as Sinopec's Nanjing facility and a steel plant owned by
Beijing Shougang Company.
SEPA has required all the companies on the list to install
automatic monitoring and control systems which are directly
connected to local environmental protection departments.
It also orders local environment departments to make site checks at
least once a month and ensure the appropriate pollution discharge
fees are paid.
SEPA also issued a draft measure recently, requiring environmental
departments at all levels to make public 17 categories of
environmental information including laws, regulations, policies and
standards regarding environmental protection.
(Xinhua News Agency May 6, 2007)